Difference between 2D, 3D, 2.5D Graphics

Shalini Tyagi | 28th September 2018

In the graphics world, Many beginners would not be having a knowledge about 2d,3d, and 2.5 d graphics. It is important for them to understand what is the difference between them. It will be useful to have such knowledge from their design perspective.

A 2D graphics or 2-Dimensional graphics are basically visuals that took place in a two-dimensional space. Modern 2D graphics can be created by hand or computer graphics software. These graphics are basically flat images or in other words, it can be said that they are mainly designed on two axes, i.e: x and y-axis. It is a traditional graphics drawn in a simpler manner. The graphics can only be drawn in two axes.
Unlike 3-D graphics, these 2D graphics are flat images that can be represented by height and width dimensions but not by depth.

Now when it comes to 3-D graphics or 3-Dimensional graphics, they are basically drawn in three-dimensional space. The objects are represented using three axes,
i.e: x,y & z-axes rather than two as in 2D graphics. These 3-D graphics that you may have seen, allows you to have a realistic view of the objects that are more exciting. Different lighting and texture are applied to the objects created that appear solid, which gives them a depth and realistic view.
However, to create a beautiful, realistic 3-D graphics, can only be limited by the capabilities of the program itself. In the successful creation of these types of graphics a lot of time, effort and resources are greatly needed and the returns may not be necessary as expected.

2.5D graphics or 2-Dimensional graphics are drawn into a 3-D space as it involves the representation of the 2D-graphics object in a 3-D space. It’s having a trick that lies behind the perspective and shadows of 2D-graphics objects drawn in 2D-space that appears to be 3-D. Many designers use the impression of drawing 2D objects on canvas that appears to be in a 3D view completed by using beautiful design skills like in shadows, layering, perspective graphics, and several other techniques. The result would create a change in depth that deceived us into looking a 3-D graphics when it was actually using 2D-graphics objects. A 2.5D effect can be given by using shadows applied to 2D objects. This effect can be achieved by having the drawn object casting a shadow behind it on the background.

I hope my above knowledge about 2d, 3d and 2.5 d graphics would have helped you to understand these graphics in a better way.

About Author


Shalini Tyagi

Shalini is an experienced Graphic designer having key skills in typography, color selection. Always keen to experiment something new in designing.

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